Migraine (severe Headache with nausea)
Migraine can be defined as
a paroxysmal ailment, accompanied by a severe headache,
generally on one side of the head, and associated with disorders
of the digestion, the liver and the vision. It usually occurs
when a person is under great mental tension or has suddenly got
over that state.
Persons who suffer from
this disease have a particular type of personality. They are
intelligent, sensitive, rigid, and methodical, and tend to be
perfectionist. A migraine comes on suddenly. The head and neck
muscles, reacting from continuous stress, become overworked. The
tight muscles squeeze the arteries and reduce the blood flow.
Then when the person relaxes suddenly the constricted muscles
expand, stretching the blood vessels walls. With each heartbeat,
the blood pushes through these vessels and expands them further,
causing intense pain.
There is a definite pattern
of a migraine. The pain is on only one side of the head and
often radiates from the eye. The right side of the head may be
affected in one attack and the next time, the concentration of
pain may be on the left side. Migraine attacks are usually
preceded by a short period of depression, irritability, and loss
of appetite. Some personís get attacks daily, others every
month or every two or three months. The main symptoms of
migraine are a pounding pain, nausea and vomiting .The blood
vessels on the affected side of the head become prominent and
pulsating. A migraine gives a fair warning before striking. The
patient sees flashes of light or back spots or only parts of the
objects in front of him. He may also feel numbness or weakness
in an arm or leg, or on one side of the face
Migraine may also results
from a variety of causes such as low blood sugar, allergy,
infection, excessive intake of certain drugs a weak
constitution, low energy, nutritional deficiency, overwork,
improper sleep and rest, excessive smoking and drinking.
Menstruation in women is also the important causes of migraine.
This forms of migraine usually abates after menopause.
At first patient should take
liquid diet like fruit juices, vegetable juices,
milk, soup etc. After that they can embark upon a
light diet like boiled vegetables, fruits, grains,
or any lightly cooked food. Gradually patients may
start a normal diet.
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