Herb of the Month
(Botanical Name - Amomum subulatum)
Description: A clustering ginger with stems growing up
to 5ft tall. Leaves are found on the upper portion of the stem.
This is an evergreen plant with the old stems dying down after a
few years. The rhizomes are a dull red in color. Flower buds
appear in spring from the base of the rhizome. The peduncle is
short and the buds encased in tight red bracts. Flowers appear
from spring through mid summer. Individual flowers stay open for
three days and more and new ones open successively. An
inflorescence stays in flower for over a month.
Habitat: This species is native to the Eastern
Himalayas and inhabits cool forest areas near mountain streams and
damp forest floors. Grows fast and vigorously during the summer
The seed capsules are harvested in autumn and
dried and these aromatic dried capsules are sold in markets.
Amomum subulatum is an important economic crop in the Eastern
Himalayas and specially in the District of Darjeeling and state of
Sikkim where it is cultivated in large areas.
Parts Used : Seeds, burk
Plant family : Zingiberaceae (ginger family).
Sensory quality : Cardamom has a fresh and aromatic aroma. By
virtue of the traditional drying procedure over open flames, the
spice also acquires a strong smoky flavour.
Healing options: ery effective in female white disease. A decoction of
seeds is used as a gargle in affections of the teeth and gum with
Medicinally the seeds are credited with stimulant, stomachic,
alexipharmic and astringent properties and are prescribed in the
the treatment of common cold & cough, leucorrhoea, indigestion,
vomiting, biliousness abdominal pains and rectal diseases. It is
used in gastrointestinal and genito-urinary complaints. It is also
Common cold & cough :
Elaichi is an effective remedy for cold & cough caused due to
throat irritation. Three peepers sucked with a pinch of caraway
seeds and crystal of common salt with Elaichi powder helps
dilution of thick cough and its allied problems like bronchial
congestion providing a demulcent and soothing effect on
It prevents reflex coughing and stimulates normal mucous
The bark of the tree is useful in leucorrhoea. Its decoction
should be used as vaginal douche for treating this disorder.
Effective in general weakness, paleness, blood deficiency,
muscular and nervine weakness associated with leucorrhoea. It is
also a natural and effective source of calcium.
Useful in urinary infections as demulcent. It
used in diuretic in case of gravel in kidneys followed by
promotion to elimination of bile and also useful in congestion of
Chewing of fresh bark of this tree daily,
helps strengthen loose teeth and arrest any bleeding from the
gums. Dirty teeth can be cleaned effectively by brushing them with
a powder of cardamom.
A decoction of the bark, mixed with rock
salt, should be used as a gargle in treating tonsillitis.
Ayurvedic Supplements that contains Badi -elaichi: