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Hair Loss

Hair is a complex and delicate part of your body. Keeping it healthy and beautiful is a challenge. Here's a guide that will help you do just that .

Hair is cylinder of dead tissue. Damaged hair can never be fully restored to its original condition. The main factor in growth of the hair is the kind of cells that exit in the hair follicles from which the hair grows in the individual person. Each individual hair is also different in one individual .Hair- care products are intended to promote certain favorable conditions of hair and to reduce of eliminate  properties of hair, which are regarded as undesirable.  

Causes and symptoms:

Reasons for Hair Loss

Both men and women lose hair for similar reasons. Hair loss in men is often more dramatic, and follows a specific pattern of loss which has been termed "Male Pattern Baldness". This loss is caused by dihydrotestosterone (DHT).

Factors for male hair loss include: heredity, hormones, and aging. This may also apply to women but to a lesser degree. Women may experience loss of hair after menopause and 2-3 months after having a baby. Other contributing factors include: poor diet, poor circulation, acute illness, radiation, chemotherapy, high stress, thyroid imbalance, certain drugs, coming off the contraceptive pill, diabetes, high doses of vitamin A (more than 100,000 IU), sudden weight loss, high fever, iron deficiency, ringworm, some fungal infections, chemicals and hair dyes, vitamin deficiencies, and lack of proper nutrition

Drastic or premature hair loss may be caused by:

  • Stress and bodily weakness from overwork.
  • Dietary imbalances or nutritional deficiency.
  • Using chemical based shampoos, hair lacquers, dyes and bleaching, etc.
  • Endocrine disorder.
  • Genetic factors.
  • Infectious diseases.
  • Hormonal metabolic changes in lactating women.
  • Nutrient and protein deficiencies in the hair cells.

In Ayurveda texts there are many reasons found responsible for hair loss :::

  • Excessive use of salts in diet.
  • Excessive use of alkaline substance in diet.
  • Improper intake of food leads to Kapha and Pitta vriddhi resulting in agnimandya (loss of appetite). Hence, proper nutrition is not obtained.
  • Suppression of urges.
  • Sleeping in day.
  • Bad smells.
  • Undigested food.
  • Food and wearing against the season and place.
  • Fumes and pollution


The normal life span for each hair is from three to six years. Each hair grows in a hair cycle that can be divided into three stages: the growing stage (Anacin) lasting from two to six years, the partial degeneration stage (Catalan) lasting between 10 and 14 days, and finally the resting phase (Telogen) during which time the hair is shed and there is an involution of the hair follicles lasting about one hundred days.

Routine care of scalp and  Hair:

It is very important to have day to day care given to hair and scalp to maintain its health and to increase its beauty. This routine includes brushing, combing, cutting, shampooing, massaging and application of hair dressing/lotion. 

Brushing & Combing:

Importance of brushing and combing

Many sebaceous glands are distributed over the scalp. When the hair is brushed, sedum secreted from these glands spreads over the surface of the hair and makes it glossy and supple.

Brushing and combing temporarily affects the blood circulation of the scalp.

Care in selection and use of brush and comb

Well spaced bristles.

Easy Cleaning

Individual use to avoid spread of disease.

For long hairs brushing should begin at near the bottom of each strand and slowly reaching the top and then beginning from scalp and sweep down the entire strand of hair without encountering any tangle. Careful treatment of this nature excludes the breaking and tearing of hair.

When the hair is weakened and its attachment is less the normal, frequent and vigorous brushing may increase hair fall resulting in further damage. Under such condition gentle massage of the scalp could be done and daily vigorous brushing should be avoided. 

Management of hair ::

  • The cogs of the combs and the bristles of the brushes must be very hard and sharp and round ended. They must be blunt at the tips.
  • Hair should be combed or managed with soft and light hands.
  • The hair must be combed and managed properly before going to bed at night.
  • The brushes, combs etc must be kept separate for each individual and they must be washed with the help of germicide at least once in week in hot water.
  • The brushes, Clips, Combs etc should not be borrowed from others.
  • The use of clips, Curling the hairs and the use of hot dryers is harmful to hair.
  • Repeated use of hair dyes, change of hair styles, use of various hair sprays etc are harmful for hair.

Massage with Hair oil:

Hair oils especially those containing herbs are very important in hair care. They should be used several times a week and left overnight. Oil should be massaged lightly by finger tips for at least 5 to 1- minutes.

Herbal oils penetrate into the surface of the scalp with nutrients. Any oil soluble active substances then gets dissolved in the fatty covering on the scalp skin. This also helps in increasing the blood circulation. These nutrients along with various vitamins are then transported into the deeper layers. From the blood capillaries are then transported into the deeper layers. From the blood capillaries are then transported to the cells involved in the syntheses of keratin (hair protein) and thus increasing the hair growth.

Behavioral :

  • Hair and scalp must be oilated daily
  • Oiling the hair before washing them is a must as washing dry hair is harmful
  • If possible, the tender and warm rays of the sun of early morning should be seeked after massaging oil all over the scalp.
  • The massage must be done with fingertips all over the scalp especially around the hair roots.
  • Vigorous massage or rubbing must be avoided
  • The use of artificial chemical hair cream, hair lotion, hair dye etc. must be avoided.
Washing the Hair ::
  • Always luke warm water must be used to wash the hair according to the season
  • Washing of hair with hard water should be avoided, because the hard contents of water are harmful for hair.
  • If the hair is greasy and itching is persistent, then it should be washed with slightly hot water.
  • While washing the hair, they must be rinsed by the tips of the fingers.
  • The hair should be dried with the help of a clean towel, with very light hands, in open air.
  • Vigorous jerks or rubbing must be avoided.
  • The use of chemical based shampoo, strong soap etc should be avoided for washing the hair and instead  Triphala Powder or Shikakai or herbal shampoo must be used.
  • Hair must be washed regularly twice to thrice in a week


Should use a light herbal shampoo. Primary objective is to clean hair and scalp of all foreign matters. The ideal shampoo should clean the scalp without producing irritation or causing excessive reduction of the natural oils, they should have pH less then 7(acidic)

Importance of pH for hair shampoos:

Dry hair has no pH. Only when the hairs are wet and in water they have acidic pH (between 4.5 to 5.5). Acidic products give astringent effect on the hair outer layer-cuticle.

Decreasing the evaporation of moisture and dissolution of proteins.
Imparts natural shine to the hair.
Increases elasticity.
Decreases tangling.

After shampooing proper drying is necessary since the tensile strength of hair is at its lowest when it is wet. Brisk rubbing should be avoided. Idealy hair should be exposed to low heat such as sun or mild heat of drier. Hot drier should not be used.

Modern Day problems Associated with Hair and Scalp:

For most hair related problems, internal medicine also plays a role. In recent times hair & scalp have become target of many ailments. There are many problems that can be associated with hair & scalp due to: 

 1. Air and water pollution. 
 2. Use of shampoos and conditioners containing harsh chemical.
 3. Use of common combs and brushes in establishment such as    
     barbershops and beauty saloons. Problem associated with scalp arise 
     due to lowering of the resistance may be because, frequent washing 
     with the strong soaps and shampoos, excessive secretion of oil and 
     sweat glands, over exposure to sunlight. There are three common 
     diseases associated with scalp. 


It is an excessive secretion of sebaceous glands giving hair oily looks. This condition may also be related to the hormonal secretion of an individual. It is excellent medium for bacteria to grow the causing pathological conditions leading to dandruff and hair fall. The most important treat is the removal of excess fat and maintenance of clean scalp.


Cause of dandruff is still debatable. It may be due to :


Excessive sebum secretion (this leads to the growth of micro-organism irritating the scalp causing itching)

Physiological error in the shedding of the dead cells, which are then stick together and fall off in the form of flakes. Control of dandruff enquires unique combination of different mode of action such as:

Effective removal of existing dandruff from the hair by use of a good herbal shampoo like Aloe Vera Shampoo.

Inhibition of excessive production of new cells in the uppermost layer of the scalp.

Control of excessive sedum production .

Use of hair products with microbial, anti- inflammatory and soothing action.

When people reach their thirties, regardless of their sex, signs of aging begin to show on their scalp, with receding hairline, thinning hair, and especially in the crawl area. From the first hint of hair loss to complete baldness can take a long time, but it can also happen in just a few years.

How to achieve and maintain a healthy head of beautiful hair.

Six main things are needed for a good-looking head of hair -- good health, the right attention to cleanliness, and caution when using cosmetic treatments, avoid chemicals, massage your hair regularly with a herbal oil and use a light herbal shampoo.  

Herbs which is useful in hair loss :

Bhringaraj ( Eclipta Alba ):

The Bhringraj is well known as hair tonic & helping to stop hair loss. It is the best known herb for preventing balding and premature graying. The whole plant and seeds of bhringraj have great medicinal value. Bhringraj is equally useful both, internally as well as externally. A black dye obtained from Eclipta alba is also for dyeing hair and tattooing.

Eclipta is also used to enhance the memory and has a reputation as an antiaging agent in Ayurveda which increases R.B.C. in blood. 

Buy Bhringraj Powder - 1 Kg.

Ghritkumari (Aloe Vera ):

It helps in healing the scalp, balances the PH level of the scalp and cleans the pores. A mixture of Aloe Vera gel with wheat germ oil and coconut milk promotes hair growth and reduces dandruff.
Buy Aloe vera shampoo - 1 Kg.

Manjishtha (Rubia Cordifolia ):

Rubia cordifolia has been described as best blood purifier in Ayurveda and therefore, it has been useful in various skin diseases, help prevents dandruff etc. It is a great agent to lower down Kapha and Pitta. It opens blocked capillaries thus improves the blood circulation of the scalp that gradually restores lost color & prevent further grey hair. It gives necessary nourishment to the roots of hair, moisturize the hair and scalp which helps to prevent the further graying of hair.
Buy Manjishtha Powder - 1 Kg.

Lodhra (Symplocos Racemosa):

The name lodhra in Sanskrit means "that which makes the body firmer." This is due to the strong grahi (absorption enhancing) property of lodhra. Grahi herbs help absorb fluids in the body or scalp thus it help promotes hair growth absorbing the nutrition for the hair from daily intake of food. Lodhra is not only grahi but also sheeta (cooling) and laghu (light). This is an unusual combination which makes lodhra very helpful for reducing inflammation and heaviness in the body or scalp due to excess fluid. The result is a firm, attractive hair. 
Buy Manjishtha Powder - 1 Kg.

Diet for good hair

Hair growth depends on an adequate diet. A widespread diet problem, which causes loss of hair, is iron deficiency Anemia. The cause is too little iron in blood, brought on by a diet containing too little meat, eggs, cereals or peas and beans. Fresh fruits and vegetables are also needed to provide vitamin C, which enables the body to absorb iron.

Cutting the hair

Although cutting the hair is not essential to its well being, it is easier to keep the scalp clean if the hair is kept reasonably short. Regular cutting does not make the hair grow strong or faster.

How hair is be damaged

Although scalp hair is hardy, and can withstand a lot of abuse, it can be damaged by too much or inexpertly applied perming, dyeing, bleaching and harsh massage. The amount of beautying the hair can vary from person to person. Occasionally the scalp is allergic to the dye and becomes inflamed and swollen. To prevent this occurring, applying it to a small area on the arm should test the dye. If a patch of inflammation has developed, the dye must not be used on the hair.

Most people who bleach their hair do so with hydrogen peroxide. If the peroxide is repeatedly applied, it may make the hair brittle. If this happens the hair may turn rough, develop split ends, or become thinned or shortened.

How To Deal With Dandruff :

Some are of the opinion that at the early stages of hair loss, dandruff begins to increase. However, an increase in the amount of dandruff does not necessarily mean that there is a "cause-effect" relationship resulting in the thinning of hair.

You should think of excessive dandruff as a warning sign as far as the health of the hair is concerned.

Dandruff is made up of bits of dead skin that peel away from the scalp as a result of the effects of metabolism. Normally, dandruff, in its early stages of growth, is not visible to the naked eye. It becomes visible only after enlarging into pieces of dead skin (what we normally call "dandruff") as a result of the propagation of bacteria and/or problems with seborrhea scalp conditions.

Persons suffering from prolonged dandruff are said to have a dandruff ailment. This type of ailment, accompanied by itchiness, can lead to eczema if it worsens. Suppressing the propagation of bacteria is one means of dealing with fatty dandruff. This is because bacteria are one of the causes of this condition.

If possible, try to shampoo (mild shampoo) on a daily basis to prevent bacterial propagation. One effective means of dealing with dandruff is to disinfect the scalp area with commercially available herbal shampoos specifically designed for dandruff removal. However, daily shampooing can lead to eczema for persons who suffer from dry scalps. Shampooing once every three days may be ideal for such persons.

Life style solution: 

  • The foremost consideration in the treatment of this disorder is to keep the hair and scalp clean so as to minimize the accumulation of dead cells.

  • The hair should be brushed daily to improve the circulation and remove any flakiness.

  • The most effective way to brush the hair is to bend forward from the waist with the head down towards the ground and brush from the nape of the neck towards the top of the head.

Yoga to prevent Hair Loss: 

Ayurvedic Supplements :


Mahabhringraj Oil

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Arogyavardhini Plus Capsule

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Aloe Vera Shampoo
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Bhringraj capsules
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