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Topic of the Month

Obesity

Obesity and overweight have in the last decade become a global problem - according to the World Health Organization (WHO) back in 2005 approximately 1.6 billion adults over the of age 15+ were overweight, at least 400 million adults were obese and at least 20 million children under the age of 5 years were overweight.

Obesity is a condition in which individual is significantly overweight. Excessive body fat is accumulated on the belly, buttocks, breasts and thighs. An individual is considered obese when weight is 20% (25% in women) or more over the maximum desirable for their height. When an adult is more than 100 pounds overweight, it is considered morbid obesity.

In Ayurveda, Charak Samhita describes eight different types of bodies that are disease prone. Out of these, the obese body is described as ‘Medoroga’ the one afflicted with the most diseases and troubles. Obesity is the condition or physical state of the body when excessive deposition of fat takes place in the adipose tissue.
Extra fat puts a strain on the heart, kidneys, liver and the joints such as the hips, knees and ankles and thus, overweight people are susceptible to several diseases like coronary thrombosis, high blood pressure, diabetes, arthritis, gout, liver and gall bladder disorders. Chief cause of obesity is overeating, irregular eating habits and not following the rules of eating or mixing non-compatible food items in one meal.

Common causes :

The basic cause of obesity and overweight is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended and maintaining your current body weight indicates you are in caloric balance and to gain or lose weight, will need the balance scale to tip in one direction or another to achieve a goal.

Whether you want to lose weight or maintain a healthy weight, the connection between the energy the body takes in, through the food and drink consumed and the energy the body uses through the activities, must be taken into consideration.

  • Consumption of more food (specially heavy, sweet, cooling food) than the body can use
  • Excess alcohol intake
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Genetic Factors
  • Some diseases like, Hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, depression and certain neurological problems

Pathogenesis/ How the disease is created: - (in Ayurvedic Principles)

Body is made of 7- Dhatus {Rasa (Lymph), Rakta (Blood), Maans (Muscle), Meda( Fat), Asthi (Bones), Majja (Nervous System) Shukra (Reproductive System)}. But in Obese fellow Meda is excessively nourished and remaining other Dhatus get malnourished. Kapha gets accumulated in between. Roll of medicines with dietary correction is to remove obstructed Kapha and let all Dhatus nourish equally. When Kapha increases in abnormal fashion, Fat metabolism gets hampered and person becomes Obese.

Health risks associated with obesity :
  • Bone and cartilage degeneration (Osteoarthritis)
    Obesity is an important risk factor for osteoarthritis in most joints, especially at the knee joint (the most important site for osteoarthritis). Obesity confers a nine times increased risk in knee joint osteoarthritis in women. Osteoarthritis risk is also linked to obesity for other joints. A recent study indicated that obesity is a strong determinant of thumb base osteoarthritis in both sexes.
  • Coronary heart disease
    Obesity carries a penalty of an associated adverse cardiovascular risk profile. Largely as a consequence of this, it is associated with an excess occurrence of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality. 
  • Gallbladder disease
    Being overweight is a significant risk factor for gallstones. In such cases, the liver over-produces cholesterol, which is then delivered into the bile causing it to become supersaturated. Some evidence suggests that specific dietary factors (saturated fats and refined sugars) are the primary culprit in these cases 
  • High blood pressure (Hypertension)
    There are multiple reasons why obesity causes hypertension, but it seems that excess adipose (fat) tissue secretes substances that are acted on by the kidneys, resulting in hypertension. Moreover, with obesity there are generally higher amounts of insulin produced. Excess insulin elevates blood pressure.
  • High total cholesterol, high levels of triglycerides (Dyslipidemia)
    The primary dyslipidemia related to obesity is characterized by increased triglycerides, decreased HDL levels, and abnormal LDL composition. 
  • Respiratory problems
    Obesity can also cause respiratory problems. Breathing is difficult as the lungs are decreased in size and the chest wall becomes very heavy and difficult to lift. 
  • Several types of cancers
    In 2002, approximately 41,000 new cases of cancer in the USA were thought to be due to obesity. In other words, about 3.2% of all new cancers are linked to obesity .
  • Sleep apnea
    Obesity has been found to be linked to sleep apnea. Also, weight reduction has been associated with comparable reductions in the severity of sleep apnea. 
  • Stroke
    Rising obesity rates have been linked to more strokes among women aged 35 to 54.  
  • Type 2 diabetes
    One of the strongest risk factors for type 2 diabetes is obesity, and this is also one of the most modifiable as it can be partially controlled through diet and exercise.

Important points for loosing weight :

Whether you're at risk of becoming obese, currently overweight or at a healthy weight, you can take steps to prevent unhealthy weight gain and related health problems. Not surprisingly, the steps to prevent weight gain are the same as the steps to lose weight: daily exercise, a healthy diet, and a long-term commitment to watch what you eat and drink.

  • Exercise regularly. According to the American College of Sports Medicine, you need to get 150 to 250 minutes of moderate-intensity activity a week to prevent weight gain. Moderately intense physical activities include fast walking and swimming.
  • Eat healthy meals and snacks. Focus on low-calorie, nutrient-dense foods, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Avoid saturated fat and limit sweets and alcohol. You can still enjoy small amounts of high-fat, high-calorie foods as an infrequent treat. Just be sure to choose foods that promote a healthy weight and good health more often than you choose foods that don't. Avoid fast foods.
  • Know and avoid the food traps that cause you to eat. Identify situations that trigger out-of-control eating. Try keeping a journal and write down what you eat, how much you eat, when you eat, how you're feeling and how hungry you are. After a while, you should see patterns emerge. You can plan ahead and develop strategies for handling these types of situations and stay in control of your eating behaviors.
  • Monitor your weight regularly. People who weigh themselves at least once a week are more successful in keeping off excess pounds. Monitoring your weight can tell you whether your efforts are working and can help you detect small weight gains before they become big problems.
  • Be consistent. Sticking to your healthy-weight plan during the week, on the weekends, and amidst vacation and holidays as much as possible increases your chances of long-term success.

Calculation of Obesity for Adults :

For adults, overweight and obesity ranges are determined by using weight and height to calculate a number called the "body mass index" (BMI). BMI is used because, for most people, it correlates with their amount of body fat.

  • An adult who has a BMI between 25 and 29.9 is considered overweight.
  • An adult who has a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese.

BMI for Children and Teens :

For children and teens, BMI ranges above a normal weight have different labels (overweight and obese). Additionally, BMI ranges for children and teens are defined so that they take into account normal differences in body fat between boys and girls and differences in body fat at various ages.

Herbs which are useful in Obesity:

Guggulu (Commiphora mukul):

Guggulu is the yellowish resin (or gum) that is produced by the mukul Commiphora mukul treeand has been used to treat arthritis, water retention, rheumatism and mainly for obesity in addition to use in lowering cholesterol. Intake of Guggulu derivatives regularly for three months results in weight loss. This herb also possesses effective purifying and rejuvenating abilities, which have been used in Ayurvedic medicine.

In the Sushruta Samhita (1960s- ancient Sanskrit medical text), Guggulu was also suggested for fat loss (medoroga, a disease that closely resembles the symptoms of high cholesterol and hardening of the arteries) and the relief of arthritis. Some recent studies have noted benefits for these conditions as well as acne and other conditions.

Buy Guggulu powder - 1 Kg. pack size

Garlic / Lasun (Allium Sativum):

Garlic acts as an appetite suppressant as it gives the brain signals of satiety when it is eaten. Hence, a person would be less inclined to eat. Garlic also increases the body’s metabolism. Garlic is supposed to stimulate the nervous system to release the adrenalin hormone – thereby increasing the metabolism. High metabolism can in turn help you to burn calories and lose weight.

Since garlic helps in weight loss, it can be used in cooking or can also be used on salads. Eating garlic bread and other garlic products can also be helpful for losing weight.
Buy Garlic / Lasun Capsule - 60 capsules pack size


Vrikshamla (Garcinia cambogia):


Hydroxycitric acid, the active ingredient in the herbal compound Garcinia cambogia, competitively inhibits the extramitochondrial enzyme adenosine triphosphate–citrate (pro-3S)-lyase. As a citrate cleavage enzyme that may play an essential role in de novo lipogenesis inhibition, G cambogia is claimed to lower body weight and reduce fat mass in humans.

Buy Garcinia cambogia Capsule - 60 capsules pack size


Neem (Azadirachta indica): 


It is used both internally as well as externally. The leaves, flowers, skin, seeds and seed oil of Neem have a great medicinal value. The chronic, non-healing wounds and ulcers are dressed with the decoction of its skin for quicker and better healing. The medicated oil of its seeds or leaves in effective in healing the diabetic wounds. Dental infections are well controlled with the gargles of the decoction of its leaves. External application of the paste of its leaves alleviates the itching and burning sensation of the skin. A paste of the ground leaves is used with benefit in abscesses, glandular swellings and wounds. Neem oil is excellent in rheumatic disorders and swollen joints, for massage, as it gives unfailing relief.
Internally, neem is a great medicament for various diseases. It is recommended in the treatment of rheumatism, skin diseases like scabies, eczema and ringworm, diabetes, obesity, piles, jaundice and rakta pitta – a bleeding diathesis.

Buy Neem leaves Powder - 1 Kg. pack size


Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa):

Punarnava is highly beneficial in the treatment of obesity as almost all anti-obesity herbal preparations contain it in one or the other form. It is beneficial in the treatment of several common ailments like dropsy, ascities, oedema, anaemia, cough, pluerisy, nervous weakness, constipation and paralysis.
Punarnava is known by many synonyms as vayasthapana i.e. it promotes longevity, Kshara i.e. helps suppressing cough, svedopaga i.e. modifier of sweating therapy anuvasanopag i.e. modifier of vasti (enema) therapy. Punarnava is also called as Ashmarighana i.e it helps to flush out renal stones from the kidney, Shothagna i.e. alleviates edema.
      
 
Buy Punarnava powder - 1 Kg. pack size


Diet that helps to loose weight:
  • Early morning - A glass of hot water mixed with the juice of half a lemon. 
  • Breakfast - Moong (green beans) sprouts and one cup of yogurt and oat meal..
  • Mid morning- A glass of orange, pineapple or carrot juice.
  • Lunch - Salad of raw vegetables such as carrot, beet, cucumber, cabbage, tomatoes. In case you can not digest raw vegetables, either steam or boil them. Whole grain bread or whole wheat bres and a cup of yogurt. 
  • Mid afternoon - Coconut water or dry fruits or lemon tea or vegetable soup.
  • Dinner - Whole grain bread, steamed vegetables and any seasonal fruit.

    It is advisable that obese people to reduce their total daily calorie intake and to consume more fruits, vegetables and whole grains. It is important that your diet is varied - you still need to feed yourself, and should continue to enjoy the tastes of different foods. The consumption of sugar, certain refined carbohydrates and some fats should be reduced significantly.

Lifestyle

  • Religiously do all kinds of exercises: walking, swimming, and cycling - daily.
  • Think positive, Think twice.
  • Go for sauna baths, steam baths and regular massages
  • Go for Panchakarma 
  • Avoid oily, fried or starchy foods
  • Eat slowly
  • Do not eat between meals
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Avoid fast foods

Self-care for weight loss and obesity can be approached in a number of ways—but it can be hard to know just where to start. To make it easier, our doctors recommend trying these simple steps first:

  • Find a diet that fits
    For long-term success, choose a healthy diet that you can stay with

  • Find support
    Improve your chances for long-term weight loss by joining a group while you adjust to new diet and exercise habits

  • Create a custom exercise plan
    Exercise you truly enjoy is that much easier to stick to, so find activities that fit your personal style, fitness level, and work-out opportunities. Join a gym.

  • Take EZI SLIM PLUS CAPSULES
    Taking 2 capsules at morning empty stomach and 2 capsules in the evening helps curb your appetite.
     

  • Take 1 Cup of SLIMMING TEA twice daily

  Weight chart for Men & Women

Yoga


Ayurvedic Supplements :

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