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Topic of the Month

Sleeping Disorder

What is Sleep?

Sleep is a dynamic process during which the brain is very active. There are recognized stages of sleep, each of which is characterized by a different type of brain wave activity.

Why Does the Body Need Sleep?
Inadequate sleep can have severe detrimental effects on health. Studies have shown that sleep is essential for normal immune system function and to maintain the ability to fight disease and sickness. Sleep also is essential for normal nervous system function and the ability to function both physically and mentally. In addition, sleep is essential for learning and for normal, healthy cell growth.

Though sleep is absolutely essential for normal, healthy function, but everyone experiences occasional sleep problems, but getting a good night’s sleep is essential for feeling refreshed and alert during the day. Lack of sleep might make you feel foggy and unable to concentrate, or just a lesser version of your normal self. Sleep problems will eventually disrupt your work, family and personal relationships.

The amount of sleep that a person needs to function normally depends on several factors (e.g., age). Infants sleep most of the day (about 16 hours); teenagers usually need about 9 hours a day; and adults need an average of 7 to 8 hours a day. Although elderly adults require about as much sleep as young adults, they usually sleep for shorter periods and spend less time in deep stages of sleep. About 50% of adults over the age of 65 have some type of sleep disorder, although it is not clear whether this is a normal part of aging or a result of medications that older people commonly use.

Common types of sleep problems and sleep disorders

Almost everyone will be affected by insomnia at some point during life. Insomnia – a short term or chronic inability to get high quality sleep – is a common sleep problem and can be caused by a variety of things including stress, a change in time zones, an altered sleep schedule or poor bedtime habits.
The great news is that insomnia doesn’t have to be a permanent problem. In many cases, self help techniques, including improved sleep hygiene, relaxation and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), can alleviate insomnia and promote better health as well as better sleep. For more details click here.

Sleep disturbances and depression are anything but strange bed fellows. Nearly all depressed individuals experience sleep problems. Indeed, early-morning awakening is a hallmark of the mood disorder.

Yet exactly how disturbed sleep and depression fit together is one of the continuing puzzles of neuroscience. Many mental health experts believe that sleep is a primary window into the brain and holds some key secrets of mood disorders.

The amount of sleep a person gets also strongly influences the symptoms of mental disorders. Sleep deprivation is an effective therapy for people with certain types of depression, while it can actually cause depression in other people. Extreme sleep deprivation can lead to a seemingly psychotic state of paranoia and hallucinations in otherwise healthy people, and disrupted sleep can trigger episodes of mania (agitation and hyperactivity) in people with manic depression. For more details click here

Nightmare disorder:

  • Person complains of a frightening dream.

  • Arousal during the dream is common.

  • The presence of a dream is the essential feature that differentiates nightmare disorder from sleep terror disorder.

Sleep terror disorder

  • A sleep terror is characterized by a sudden arousal.

  • Commonly, the person cries out or screams as he or she is aroused.

  • The person has an increased heart rate, an increase in the respiratory rate, flushing, sweating, and increased muscle tone.  

  • The person is routinely unresponsive to external stimuli and, when awakened, is confused, disoriented, and does not remember the event.

  • Incoherent speech or passing of urine has been reported to accompany the event.

Sleepwalking disorder

  • Episodes of sleepwalking are associated with behaviors that range from simply sitting up in bed to walking, possibly with associated complex behaviors such as eating. Talking behavior has also been noted during episodes of sleepwalking.

  • Upon awakening, the person most often is confused and does not remember the event.

  • The event may spontaneously terminate, or the person may return to bed or lie down somewhere else and go off to sleep without waking up from sleep.

Common sleeping disorder symptoms:

  • Waking up with a very sore and/or dry throat

  • Occasionally waking up with a choking or gasping sensation

  • Sleepiness during the day

  • Morning headaches

  • Forgetfulness, mood changes and a decreased interest in sex

  • Recurrent awakenings or insomnia

What are the Symptoms of Sleeping disorder in Child?

  • It leads to learning problem,

  • Slow growth,

  • Acting out in school,

  • Dropping out of school,

  • Bed wetting,

  • High blood pressure in youngsters.

Sleeping disorder in child is often overlooked or attributed to attention-deficit (ADD) or behavior disorders.


Food, drink and medications:

What you eat and drink during the day can affect your sleep at night. Too much caffeine, smoking, and alcohol before bed all contribute to poor sleep. Additionally, some prescription medications can interfere with sleep. Ironically, if not managed carefully or stopped abruptly, sleep medications can cause rebound insomnia.

Your sleep environment:

Your room may be too bright. Or excess noise during the night may be waking you frequently. A quiet dark environment is best for sleep.

Your daily habits:

Too much stimulating activity before bed, be it vigorous exercise or watching violent stories and images on the nightly news, can make it hard to sleep. TV is best avoided altogether.

Your mental and physical condition:

Life stress, like a new job, family conflict, or financial worries can keep you up at night. Or you may have a disease where sleeplessness is a common symptom. Chronic pain may also be keeping you awake.

Herbs which is useful :

Brahmi (Bacopa Monnieri) :

Brahmi also works as safe and natural sedative and tranqulizing agent and hence it offers protection against convulsions and is also beneficial in insomnia. Brahmi is also useful for improving mental clarity, confidence and memory recall. For these used of Brahmi, it has been widely used by students. Brahmi has been found to be very beneficial in the treatment of anxiety neurosis and mental fatigue. It has been found to significant improve IQ levels, general ability, behavioral patterns and mental concentration in children.

Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina) :

It is used in insomnia and irritative conditions of the central nervous system. It causes depletion of catecholamines at the central and peripheral level and depletion of serotonin at the central levels.

Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) :

It is a first liner natural remedy for stress and anxiety. It has antioxidant and immunity enhancing propeties. The nootropic effect nourishes the brain and nerves

Jatamansi (Naradiya Jatamansi) :

It is an ayurvedic herb with sedative action and soothing properties for nerves

Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) :

Traditionally, pillows were filled with lavender flowers to help the restless fall sleep. Scientific evidence suggests that aromatherapy with lavender slows the activity of the nervous system, improves sleep quality, promotes relaxation and lifts mood in people suffering from sleep disorders.

Home remedies of Insomnia :

Take a glassful of celery huice and mix a teaspoonful of honey in it. Have this every night before going to bed. It will assure a restful sleep throughout the night.

Grind some fried cumin seed to a fine powder. Mix them with a pulp of a ripe banana. Eating this at night induces sleep.

Diet :

  • Go for a low-salt diet

  • Avoid white-flour foods, sugar, tea, coffee,
    chocolate, cola drinks: alcohol, fatty foods,
    fried foods

  • Take the following diet
    Vitamin B1: Whole grain, cereals, pulses and nuts
    Vegetables: Lettuce, Bottle Gourd
    Dairy: Milk, Curd, clarified butter
    Seeds: Aniseed

Life Style :

  • Exercise daily, must walk atleast 1 mile a day

  • Enjoy a stress-free life

  • Cultivate a creative hobby

  • Avoid meeting impossible targets

  • Meditate

Yoga :

Ayurvedic Supplements :

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Stress Guard
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Anti-stress Massage Oil
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Brahmi Capsules
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