Ancient Ayurvedic Vaids and Their Contributions

by Allayurveda
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The Founding Fathers of Ayurveda

Let’s take a walk down memory lane and learn about traditional Ayurvedic vaids. Here’s a gist of some of the most influential vaids in Ayurveda.


Charaka was one of the main contributors to Ayurveda. His most famous work is the Charaka Samhita. Charaka is often known as the Father of Medicine in India. One of Charaka's most famous quotes was, "Health and disease cannot be predetermined and human life can be prolonged or increased by paying attention to lifestyle."

Charaka was one of the physicians to introduce concepts of digestion, metabolism and sexual problems to Ayurveda. Charaka stated that the body functions because it contains three doshas: Vata, Pitta and Kapha. The doshas are produced when dhatus (tissues) act upon food eaten. Each body produces a different amount of each dosha for the same quantity of food eaten. This is what makes one body different from another.

He also introduced the concept that illness is caused when one out of the three doshas in the body are imbalanced or out of proportion. His main contribution is the Charaka Samitha which contains 120 chapter divided into 8 different parts.


Sushruta was an ancient Ayurvedic physician and one of the main contributors of Sushruta Samhita. Sushruta was known as the Father of Plastic Surgery.The Sushruta Samhita consists of 184 chapters. It lists around 1100 illnesses and 700 medicinal plants.

Sushruta's Samdamsa Yantras are the first forms of the modern surgeon's dissection and dressing forceps. Sushruta was the first to introduce diagnostic instruments which were later modified in construction to form the modern endoscope.

The Sushruta era was known as the Golden Age of Surgery because he took surgery in ancient India to new heights with his work.


Acharya Patanjali is the compiler of the Yoga sutras which is an ancient text on Yoga practice. Very little is known about this sage whose origins are said to be mystical in nature. He is estimated to have lived between the 5th century BCE to 4th century CE. The Yoga sutras forms the foundation of classical yoga in the Hindu tradition.

He is the author of the medical text called Patanjalatantra. His works are quoted in many health-related texts.


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