Complete Guide On Sinus

by Zan Kokalj
Published on In HealthLeave a Comment

Have you ever felt a dull pain all over the face not knowing where it’s coming from? Sinuses could be the reason behind it.

When sinuses get infected, they cause a lot of discomfort to the affected person. The infection of sinuses is also known as sinusitis. Luckily, there’s a way to treat them effectively.

Check out our guide to learn more about the sinuses and their infection.

Make sure that you also review the possible treatments in case your sinuses ever get infected.

What are Sinuses?

Sinuses refer to a system of connected hollow voids in the skull. They enhance our voice, help us humidify the air that we breathe in, and filter the pollutants.

There are different types of sinuses that are found around the face:

  1. Maxillary sinuses – There are two maxillary sinuses, one in each cheek. Infection of these sinuses can cause pain around the cheek area and result in headaches.
  2. Ethmoid sinuses – There are 6-12 of them on each side of the nose in the area between the eyes. Infection of the ethmoid sinuses causes headaches and pain behind or around the eyes.
  3. Frontal sinuses – There are two of them, one on each side of the forehead. Their infection results in a headache and forehead pressure.
  4. Sphenoid sinuses – There are two of them, one on each side of the nose behind the ethmoid sinuses. Their infection often causes pain behind the eyes.

What is Sinusitis?

Sinusitis is a sinus infection that results in the inflammation of the sinus cavities.

There are four different types of sinusitis:

  • Acute sinusitis: It can start all of a sudden and last up to one month. It is typically accompanied by a runny nose and pain in the face.
  • Sub-acute sinusitis: The inflammation of sinuses lasts longer, normally from one to three months.
  • Chronic sinusitis: The inflammation lasts more than three months and up to a year.
  • Recurrent sinusitis: The inflammation reoccurs multiple times in a year.

What causes it?

Sinusitis is most often caused by viral infections. It can also be a result of air pollution, allergies, and structural problems of the nose.

Sinusitis Symptoms

The main symptoms of sinusitis include:

  • Facial pain
  • Headache
  • Thick nasal mucus
  • Plugged nose
  • Fever

The condition is sometimes also accompanied by coughing and sore throat.

How to Treat Sinusitis?

causes of sinus infections

Treating sinusitis is not that hard but it may take a while depending on the type of sinusitis. It is often treated with antibiotics but those only work if the condition is caused by bacterial infection. In case it’s caused by viruses or air pollutants, antibiotics won’t work.

What can I do then?

  1. Humidify The Air

Air humidifiers can help in keeping your sinuses at bay. However, make sure that you don’t make the room too humid, as that could result in the growth of molds and attract dust mites.

  1. Keep The Room Cool

You probably don’t want to shiver because of the cold but you also shouldn’t stay in hot areas. Excess heat makes sinusitis worse by drying the air, while colder temperature helps to deal with the congestion.

  1. Drink More Water

Stick to the rule of eight glasses of pure drinking water per day. It will help you flush out the excess mucus.

Are you having troubles drinking enough? Set up an alarm that will remind you when it’s time to drink another glass. Additionally, you can also add a pinch of salt to lukewarm water and use a syringe to distribute the salt water in your nasal cavities. This will help with the congestion.

  1. Avoid Irritants

A healthy lifestyle can help a lot in dealing with sinusitis as well. Avoid smoking or inhaling cigarette smoke, hairsprays, harsh cleaning products, and other artificial chemical-based products that may irritate your sinuses.

If pet dander is a problem for you then let your pets sleep in their own beds for a while. It’s also advised to give them a regular bath.

Bundle Up

The sinuses are a system of connected hollow voids in the skull. They can become infected due to various reasons such as viral infections, air pollution, and allergies. Depending on the type of the infection, they can last anywhere from two weeks to a year. Sometimes they also appear several times per year.

From drinking plenty of water and avoiding irritants to humidifying the air, the solutions for treating sinusitis are quite simple. In case the cause is a bacterial infection, antibiotics can be a solution as well. Now that you know the techniques keep your sinuses clear and stay healthy!


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