In the society we live in, depression is a condition which is either talked about in hushed tones because we are ashamed of it or not taken seriously. There are so many people suffering from depression who try to confide in the people around them for support. More often than not they get responses like, “It’s just a phase, you will get over it.” Or “Shrug it off, everyone goes through bad times, you aren’t really depressed.” Most of the time, we don’t even realize the kind of damage such a response can do to someone who is actually going through major depression, or clinical depression. It’s time we start taking this condition seriously and actually help the people around us who are going through by empathizing and taking them seriously. Take the recent television series “13 Reasons Why” for example. The series revolves around a teenage girl who was suffering from depression, but everyone around her was too self-absorbed to notice until she commits suicide. The series sent out a powerful message about depression and what it can do to someone, yet you will come across a dozen memes on social media making fun of it. This article will help you understand a little more about depression in general.
Major Depressive Disorder
So what is depression, really? What factors decide if you are depressed or not? Major depressive disorder, also known as clinical depression is characterized by a continuous depressed state of mind through the day. The person tends to lose interest in daily activities, work and relationships. In this condition, most of the symptoms generally last more than 2-3 weeks.
Signs of Depression
Some of the symptoms of depression are:
- Fatigue and loss of energy, even when you have just woken up
- Insomnia or hypersomnia
- Lack of concentration or lack of interest in all activities
- Recurring thoughts of suicide and constant restlessness
Causes of Depression
Humans are social beings. Everyone has their own set of experiences, problems and trauma they may experience which leads to depression. While you cannot categorize a set list of reasons for what causes depression, we can generalize a few possible causes.
Past Abuse: Any form of abuse be it physical, sexual or emotional can increase the chances of depression. It could be past abuse that triggers it, or something happening in the present.
Medication: There are certain types of medications or drugs which can also increase the risk of depression. Sometimes, the sudden withdrawal of anti-anxiety drugs can also cause depression in a patient.
Death: Grief caused from the loss of a loved one or family member can also trigger this condition.
There are many other plausible causes, like said earlier; you can never narrow them down to just one set. Major life milestones, good or bad, can also disrupt a person’s routine and cause depression. Personal problems like social isolation, bad relationships, substance abuse are all triggers to this condition.