Most people are born with two kidneys and each bean shaped organ is about 11.5 cm long, 5 to 7.5 cm broad and 2.5 cm thick, weighing about 150 grams. Kidneys are located near the middle of the back, just under the ribcage.
What do your kidneys do?
Healthy kidneys act like a filter to make sure the right amount of wastes and fluids are removed, they keep the proper balance of salts and acids in the body, and produce hormones. Each day our kidneys process around 200 litres of blood, with around 1 to 2 litres of waste leaving the body as urine. Our kidneys make three important hormones, erythropoietin, renin and active vitamin D. Erythropoietin stimulates the production of red blood cells, renin is involved in the control of blood pressure and active vitamin D controls calcium uptake and helps make strong bones.
The major role of the kidneys is to remove waste from the blood and eliminate it in the urine. To remove this waste and extra water, blood enters the kidney through the renal artery; blood is then cleaned in the kidney as it passes through tiny filters called nephrons. The nephrons are the basic working units of the kidneys, controlling the formation of urine. One kidney contains about one million nephrons and each nephron contains a filtering apparatus called a glomerulus.
The process of removing waste and extra water in simple terms is:
- Food and drink enters the stomach and are broken down into nutrients
- Solid waste products are removed and nutrients enter the bloodstream.
- Nutrients are used by the body for energy, growth, repair and maintenance of body functions.
- This process creates waste which is removed by the kidneys.
- Extra nutrients not immediately needed by the body are also removed by the kidneys.
- Waste products and extra water move from the kidneys to the bladder, then leave the body as urine.
Some Kidney Diseases :
Chronic Kidney Disease : This term means that the kidneys have been damaged and are not working as well as they should normally. About 50 people a day die of kidney related disease. Early detection and treatment can help prevent kidney failure and the need for dialysis or transplant treatment.
How do you know if you have CKD? In most cases CKD does not cause any symptoms and is detected because a test has shown an abnormality. It may be a urine test for blood or protein; an X-ray or scan of the kidneys; or a blood test to measure kidney function.
When the kidneys become damaged, do other organs suffer as well? Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons, slowly destroying their filtering capacity over many years, seriously damaging your kidneys before you even know it. Some kidney diseases, such as polycystic kidney disease are inherited, but the two most common causes of kidney disease are diabetes (diabetic nephropathy) and high blood pressure (hypertension). In diabetes high blood sugar levels damage the nephrons. High blood pressure can prevent the small blood vessels in the kidneys from filtering and cleansing the blood well enough.
Why do kidneys fail ?
Inside each kidney there are about one million tiny units called nephrons which filter blood as it passes through each nephron and water and waste products are removed. Most of the water returns to the blood, the waste products collect in the bladder then leave the body as urine (wee). Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. Sometimes kidney failure can happen quickly, caused for example by a sudden loss of large amounts of blood or an accident. A sudden drop in kidney function is called Acute Kidney Failure and is often short lived, but can occasionally lead to lasting kidney damage.
What can I do to help stay healthy ?
- Keep your blood pressure below 130/90 and maintain healthy levels of cholesterol.
- It’s important to have your cholesterol levels checked regularly.
- Lead a healthy lifestyle and maintain healthy weight.
- Eat a balanced healthy diet low in saturated fats.
- Become a non smoker.
- If you have diabetes make sure you actively treat your blood glucose.
Healthy Eating : The food you eat plays a huge role in the health and well being of your body. It can help to prevent some diseases, and to manage others. As well as providing the body with a variety of nutrients, food choices can also help in weight reduction and weight control.
- Eat healthy foods – with as many fresh ingredients as possible.
- Don’t over eat – always leave a meal feeling like you could eat a little bit more.
- Eat breakfast – a good breakfast activates your metabolism first thing in the morning.
- Avoid fat diets – they are hard to maintain over a long period and can create or worsen ill health.
- Drink plenty of fluids – choose to drink water instead! Sugar drinks have lots of calories, while caffeine and alcohol are both diuretics and can leave the body dehydrated.
- Check nutrition panels on all parcelled foods you buy – choose only foods that list a low percentage of sugar and salt and that are low in saturated fats.
If you are overweight, you have an increased risk of developing diabetes and high blood pressure – both are major risk factors for kidney disease. Losing as little as 5 kilograms reduces blood pressure in most people who are 10% above a healthy weight.
|Herbal Powder||Gokshura Powder