The condition in which a married couple finds it difficult to produce an offspring is called sterility .The defect may be either with the male partner or the female partner. These defects can be either organic or functional .In males the procreative factors is the sperm. It is produced in the testicles and ejaculated through the male genital organ during sexual intercourse. The production of sperm is regulated by hormones which are secreted by the ductless glands of the body .For the procreation of offspring the sperm should be active and they should be in sufficient numbers in the semen. Sometimes because of some morbidity, sperm is either absent in the semen or small in number. In such cases conception does not take place.
The condition in which the sperm does not exist in the semen is difficult to treat. But if the sperm are present, but they are either few in number, or inactive, the condition can be easily remedied.
Ashwagandha is the ideal drug for the treatment of this condition. The root of this plant is used .it is cultivated in some parts of the country as jungle weed. Its root when fresh has a smell like that of the urine of the horse. Hence its name is ashwagandha .The dried root of this plant does not have any smell and can be taken without much in convenience. It can either betaken as powder in a dose of one teaspoonful twice daily followed by cup of milk each time, or it can be boiled with milk and then taken. to make it palatable it can be mixed with sugar syrup. this preparation is called Ashwagandha Ichya. It becomes a linctus and can be given to the patient in a dose of one teaspoonful twice daily followed by a cup of milk. One alcoholic preparation of this medicine is called ashwagandharishta.It is given to the patient in a dose of 30ml twice daily after food with equal quantity of water.
All these above-mentioned medicines, apart from their spermatopoetic and spermatogenetic properties are very good tonics for the nerves and the heart. They do not produce any adverse effect even if used for a long time. They, however, produce warmth in the body. Thus they are ideal for the winter season.
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