Premature Baldness

Baldness refers to a loss of hair, usually on the head.

It is important to understand that premature balding is not about the number of individual hairs you shed on a daily basis (just in case you were counting), it’s more about how fast they are being replaced. Losing hair is a completely natural element of the body’s ageing process. In fact, about 10% of the approximately 100,000 hairs on your head are presently at the end of their lifetime, more than 100 a day will shed and the follicle will need a span of six months to produce a new strand of hair. Over time the hair follicle may become drained and shrivel up which may retard or arrest hair growth altogether.

The administration of drugs indicated for premature graying of hair should also help in the cases of baldness also, but recourse to medication has to be taken in the earlier stage. If all the hair has fallen out and the follicles have closed, nothing much can be done.

Ayurveda and Premature Baldness

High ratio of hair fall is termed as Khalitya in Ayurveda and is classified under shiroroga (problems of the head). The primary cause is vitiated Vata and Pitta doshas which cause dislodgement or withering away of hair from the roots. Also, vitiated sleshma (mucus) along with rakta (blood tissue) will obstruct the hair root which causes hair to not grow again from that place.
Khalitya is primarily a Pitta-predominant tridoshajanya vyadhi (disease in which all three doshas are vitiated). It can further be classified according to the dominant dosha.
Vataja Khalitya: Caused by Vata imbalance, in this type the scalp appears as if it is Agnidagdha (burnt by excessive heat) and it becomes Shyava (blackish blue) and Aruna (yellowish red).
Pittaja Khalitya: Caused by Pitta imbalance, in this type the color of scalp appears as Peela (yellow), Neela (blue) and Harita (green). The scalp starts to show prominent siras (veins). Scalp may also sweat profusely.
Kaphaja Khalitya: Caused by Kapha imbalance, in this type the color of the scalp has a whitish tinge but here it is Ghana (dense) and Snigdha (oily) in appearance.
Sannipataja or Tridoshaja Khalitya: In this type of Khalitya, characteristics of all the three doshas are observed. The scalp looks like burnt and it becomes scaly. This type is considered Asadhya (incurable) in Ayurveda.
There is also one more type as mentioned by Acharya Harita:
Raktaj Khalitya: Pus starts to ooze from the scalp and causes hair loss.

Symptoms of Premature Baldness

One important thing to note about premature balding is that it follows a pattern which is why it is attributed the name male or female pattern baldness. Male pattern baldness or MPB causes hair loss on the top and front of the head. While female pattern baldness results in thinning hair on the mid-frontal area of the scalp and is generally less severe than occurs in males.
Other symptoms of premature balding are:

  • Itchy/flaky scalp: This is due to the accumulation of sebum on the scalp that is the first stage to dandruff and finally, hair loss.
  • Longer growth time: As the hair goes into resting phase and is starved on nutrients, it can take longer to grow out.
  • Fine, wispy hair: Usually before falling out, you’ll notice your hair getting thinner, less shiny and lacking bounce.

Root Causes of Premature Baldness

  • DHT (dihydrotestosterone) is the male hormone that is the primary cause of pattern baldness. It shrinks the hair follicle so the dermal papilla does not receive the nutrients like minerals and oxygen it needs to flourish. DHT also causes hair to go into the ‘resting phase’ which means that once the hair falls out it doesn’t grow back.
  • Baldness may be due to certain serious diseases like acute fevers, myxoedema (a syndrome cause by hypothyroidism), syphilis, influenza, anemia, and great anxiety or nervous shock.
  • If premature baldness is hereditary then not much can be done except delaying the falling of the hair for a few years through proper medication.
  • Sometimes eczema and psoriasis of the scalp leads to rapid baldness.
  • Smoking and taking recreational drugs can be factors behind early-onset hair loss. This is because these habits constrict blood vessels and decrease blood flow to the scalp as well as lead to a rise in adrenalin levels.
  • Malnutrition caused by a poor diet or due to psychological disturbances like anorexia and bulimia nervosa can contribute to premature balding.
  • Digestive disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) may lead to a lack of hair growth nutrients in the body.
  • A receding hairline could also be brought on by the acute hormonal changes that happen during puberty or andropause/menopause.
  • Major/chronic illnesses, surgeries, and medical treatments like chemotherapy may lead to balding in young people.
  • Aggressive hair treatments like chemical-based colorants and styling agents may also damage hair follicles and lead to premature hair loss.
  • Various forms of alopecia like traction alopecia takes place when hair is pulled tightly into a certain style over long period of time causing the hair follicle in that region to become damaged.
  • Certain medicines such as blood thinners, birth control pills, anabolic steroids and medicines to treat arthritis, depression, gout, heart problems and high blood pressure could lead to hair loss.
  • Psychological disorders such as trichotillomania will cause people to pull out their hair as a habit. This is a reversible change.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Hair Loss and Regrowth

  • Bhringaraj (Eclipta Alba): Bhringraj is well-known as a natural hair tonic and potency in helping to stop hair loss. It is the best known herb for preventing balding and premature graying. Bhringraj is equally useful both, internally as well as externally. Eclipta is also used to as an anti-aging agent in Ayurveda which increases R.B.C. in blood.
  • Amla (Phyllanthus Emblica): Amla or the Indian gooseberry is an excellent tonic for premature graying of hair and preventing hair loss. Cut a few amla fruits into pieces, dry in shade and boil in coconut oil until the solid matter is well-cooked and appears dark in color. This oil when massaged into the scalp every day is the best medicine for premature graying of hair and hair loss. One can also drink 30ml of amla juice regularly to halt hair fall.
  • Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis): Ghritkumari helps in healing the scalp, balances the pH levels of the scalp and cleans the pores. A mixture of Aloe Vera gel with wheat germ oil and coconut milk promotes hair growth and reduces dandruff. One can also supplement amla juice with aloe juice to stop hair loss.
  • Henna (Lawsonia Alba): This is a traditional herb that is a good hair conditioner and a way to healthier hair. Apart from conditioning the hair, it protects against breakage of hair and gives natural shine to the hair.
  • Shatavari (Asparagus Racemosus): Shatavari is a nutritive, Pitta-pacifying herb. 2 gm of the powder can be taken twice daily with milk to control hair loss.
Ayurvedic Supplements (to be taken under physician’s guidance – Consult Now)  

               Arogyavardhini Bati

               Mahabhringraj Taila

               Saptamrit Lauh

               Prawal Panchamrit


               Neelibhringadi Taila

               Kunthala kanthi Taila

               Kanjunnyadi Taila


  • Salt should be avoided.
  • Pitta-aggravating foods such as pungent, hot and spicy food should be avoided.
  • A diet rich in protein, B and C vitamins, calcium and iron is highly recommended for how to prevent premature baldness naturally.
  • Drink a lot of water to flush out toxins that may be causing scalp buildup and poor nutrition.
  • One of the top natural remedies for balding is to massage the head with medicated oil such as Mahabhringaraj or Neelibhrigandi. Massage the oil on the scalp with fingers and leave it for at least 1 hour before taking a bath.
  • Hair should be brushed daily to improve the circulation and remove any flakes. The most effective way to brush the hair is to bend forward from the waist with the head down towards the ground and brush from the nape of the neck towards the top of the head.
  • Use a light herbal shampoo. The primary objective is to clean hair and scalp of all foreign matter. The ideal shampoo should clean the scalp without producing irritation or causing excessive reduction of the natural oils, they should have pH less than 7(acidic). One can make an herbal shampoo by mixing together powders of reetha, amla and shikakai in equal proportions.
  • Never comb your hair when it is wet as it is more prone to breakage. Also, one must select combs with well-spaced bristles.
  • Make sure to regularize your bowel movements as undigested toxins in your body could lead to hair loss and balding. Natural constipation aids such as triphala or isabgol (psyllium husk) can be used as a safe and effective mild laxative.
  • Camel Pose (Ustrasana)
  • Knee to Chest Yoga Pose (Apanasana)
  • Crocodile Pose (Makarasana)
  • Bow Pose (Dhanurasana)
  • Headstand (Shirsasana)
  • Nail Rubbing Yoga Exercise (Balayam Yoga)