Ringworm is a fungus infection of the scalp or skin. Ringworm on the scalp may leave a flaky patch of baldness. In the skin ringworm causes a reddish, ring like rash that may itch or burn. The area may be dry and scaly or it may be moist or crusted. The same fungi that infect humans can also infect animals such as dogs and cats and infections may be acquired from pets as well as from infected children .
Ringworm is spread by direct contact with a person or animal infected with the fungus. It can also be spread indirectly through contact with articles (such as combs or clothing) or surfaces which have been contaminated with the fungus. The fungus is no longer present when the lesion starts to shrink.
Ringworm infection occurs in the scalp, the body, the feet, and the nails. Ringworm of the scalp is common among children because of the lack of protective fatty acids in their scalp. The disease spread on the skin and extends deeper into the hair roots, and also up along the hair. The affected hair becomes dull and breaks off near its root. This leaves bald spots on the scalp .the patches of ringworm on the body are usually round or oval, with raised pink and scaly rings which show a clean space in the center. The itching in the infected parts of the body .if it is not treated for a longtime, the infection becomes chronic and is then difficult to get rid of.
Ringworm is passed from an infected person to a healthy person by contact. it can also spread by the use of articles such as the towel of an infected person.
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